I wonder if there are any to copy and paste (in context) that I haven't already copied and pasted. She used a shorthand form ONCE otherwise the aggressive non-aggressive breed term was qualified every time. "Typically" is an adjective used to mean "normal", "characteristic" and/or "having the characteristics popularly associated with something" Like a border collie is "typically" a high energy breed some breeds are typically less likely to show normal dog behaviour that is associated with aggression, in fact the author takes a whole paragraph to point that out and the fact that there are exceptions in every breed. She is talking about normal spectrum aggression not genetic aggression. But I've already said all this before... this discussion is pointless. You have convinced me that will just never agree . You are reading something in this article that try as I might I simply can't see . And you can't see what I am reading .