Hi Brody's mom I sympathize; I know what it's like to have to be vigilant all the time when outside with a dog. Have you gotten him used to a muzzle? These look 'bad' but can keep people safe and put your mind at rest a bit knowing that he can only "bonk" into someone rather than give a good bite. Have you looked at Behavioral Adjustment Training (BAT)? There is a training protocol there for dogs who are people- or dog-shy, but there's also some good info on creating management situations that allow you to safely work your dog in public. It's worth reading the book and getting hands on the "Organic BAT" DVD set, if you can. As for regular training, Sue Ailsby's Training Levels are the gold standard in terms of clear, step-by-step programs. Every behavior is broken down to tiny bits. and there are goals and "tests" along the way to make sure you and the dog are where you need to be. The old version is online, but there is a newer version you can order online. Sue also has a yahoogroup, Training Levels, with lots of people who are also working the Levels and can give advice. My cat and dog have both done Level I :-) and Calvin was somewhere in Level II when we ended up taking a break. The Levels are really about creating a solid core of trained behaviors that you can then mold into anything you need. As an example, when my dog sadly had to go for chemotherapy, the oncologist was able to ask him to lie down, and have someone give him kibbles one by one as they put an IV in his hind leg and pushed the drug. Of course I'd never taught my dog to accept chemo! But he did know "the training game" and not only did it work to get him to stay for his treatment, but the 'game' itself was a comforting spot for him. Dogs love routine, they love familiarity, and a good solid training history can provide a safe place for a dog anywhere he goes. For my late but awesome and very dearly missed reactive dog, one thing that helped us was to teach him to focus on me the moment I asked him, and to keep the focus on me until I released him. This was taught with generous, high-value food rewards. When he saw Scary Chaos in some situation we encountered on our walk, being able to snap into Training Mode helped calm him. Our management also included teaching him to switch sides on cue (so I was always between him and the potential trigger). When passing a potential trigger, I had him at a loose "heel" on the other side of me so that my body would naturally block him if he should react. I got a hit in the hip with his shoulder a few times :-) as he tried to lunge, and he was successfully 'checked' every time. I do want to stress that training in general, even if it's not related to your people desensitization program, can really help a nervous or shy dog feel good about his place in the world. My late dog was initially very nervous at the vet's -- not aggressive, just wild. Years after his adoption, I went to a vet who had seen him in those early days and he marveled at what a change there was in my dog's demeanor. He complimented me, saying that I must have somehow changed the way he saw the world, that this was a different dog altogether. I can't take credit for that -- my dog worked hard to overcome his early poor socialization -- but I can give credit to the training. Major kudos to you for all the work you're doing for your boy. I think he, too, will learn to see the world differently one day.