I finally got a clicker, ----i had hesitated all along, thinking, "Man, what a nuisance, i'll lose it, and Buddy loves the praise so much, etc etc" but, turns out, I LOVE IT!! We still praise, and still use that EXTRA good praise that Buddy just loves for breakthroughs... I had even tried making a clicker type noise with my mouth, :msntongue: to avoid being "chained" to a clicker....that didn't work quite as well as a real clicker. Actually, i kinda think, even the sight of the clicker in my hand, triggers some kind of response in Buddy, "Oh, we are gonna learn something now...focus!" The clicker has reeeally helped speed up Buddy's learning time, he really "gets it" much much faster. Buddy is even finally learning the names of his toys, which had little success before, even after weeks of trying just praise and treats, we started "clicking" and that very day, Buddy understood, "OH, these toys have names?" NOW he can NOW pick out 1 or 2 by name!!! and Buddy fetches way way longer now if he gets a 'CLICK' and treat!! I totally recommend trying a clicker for anyone out there who maybe had hesitations like i used to have.