Hi! This is my first time posting. I've taught my dogs to do no.1 by saying "hurry up" and to do no.2 by saying "DO YOUR BUSINESS" They will eliminate in less than 5 minutes, which is very practical here in Michigan, where it gets very cold in the winter. My boy will "fetch" and the girl will only do it when whe is alone. They will sit, lay down, give me your paw, give me your other pay when verbally told to do so. Although they are/sound very bright, I must tell you that toilet training was something that I learned to do with a crate after they were 1 1/2 years olds. They are now just 9 and still acting like puppies. The boy, Meeko was born with kidney problems and this did not help. He now has everything under control, or I should say we've got it under control. I like this site as it gives me other things to teach my dogs, they are hungry to learn.