So I have to tell you all this. Mouse is almost exclusively trained through shaping (since I figured out she wasn't learning anything through luring anyway ) and she is the only dog I've done this with. Oliver's still a "crossover dog" expecting to be told what to do, though he does ok at free-shaping, he's not great at offering new behaviours without encouragement (verbal or physical). But Mouse has flourished with shaping, and is EXCELLENT at it . Well a couple of weeks ago, I took her to my friend's house. We were cooking a big dinner for us and her roommate. Mouse was being VERY annoying with getting underfoot (maybe/possibly/perhaps you might drop something?) so I took her to the entrance between the kitchen and the dining room and told her to stay, then periodically fed her tidbits (yes my dogs get stuff when I'm cooking ) She then stayed there everytime we were in the kitchen Well tonight we did the same thing, and as Mouse and the cat are fantastic entertainment for us, I brought her along again! As soon as I started cooking, she again came underfoot, but as it wasn't annoying me, and my friend wasn't helping in the kitchen at the moment (DUH SOMEONE had too keep an eye on the 2nd game of the Stanley Cup finals!!! What if we, heaven forbid, missed a goal???) So I just ignored Mouse, and stepped over her, as I'm apt to do in my own home (you do get used to stepping over 7" doggies on the floor when you have 2 that like to be underfoot! They might miss something, don'cha' know!). So my brilliant and awesome little munchkin decided to try something else to get a piece of pork chop/broccoli/rice! She WENT AND SAT AT THE ENTRANCE!!!!! My perfect little free-thinking dog!!!! She offered a behaviour that previously worked to get her some dinner!!! Every other dog I know, would have to be told so many times, before learning that was where they were supposed to be! I have NEVER seen ANY of my dogs (past or present) OFFER to move away from food! they have ALL had to be given a command! You can bet your a** I rewarded heavily!!! Clicker dogs are AWESOME, and dogs trained purely with shaping? UNREAL! p.s. I thought I should stress this point: Mouse is SERIOUSLY OBSESSED with food! Food is her reason for living, breathing and well, living! LOL She is worse than any Lab or Spaniel I have ever seen! She spends every waking minute looking for food. For her to actually move away from food (big kitchen btw) WILLINGLY, is a herculean feat!