So, this is one of the things we tried to ask about:
When Lotta notices that my friend is going to start training her she gets very excited about it. Lotta has different ideas of what she should do than my friend does......../
/..........However, Lotta apparenlty doesn't know how to distinguish training sessions and play times from each other. How would my friend get Lotta to know when it's time to work?
What kind of cues and signals would you give to the dog so that s/he would know that it's time to work?
There are two things happening here
1) Lotta needs to learn to work near distractions.
2) Lotta needs to understand what you are teaching more clearly, if a dog is uncertain of what it has to do it will choose to do something it knows it can do easily such as play with toys. This is something that I found in a video from Susan Garrett, I'm sorry I can't post it here as it was only available for a short time, it revolutionised my training when I understood the effect uncertainty has on my dog.
My friend is often able to show quite clearly to Lotta what she should be doing when she knows what to teach to her and how (it's different if she doesn't know it
) like in this video:
So, it's rather so that Lotta gets distracted when my friend is training her. She would also like to know what she could do when Lotta starts playing with her toys in the middle of a training session? How would she get her to come back?
Another useful idea from Control Unleashed is to make yourself the gateway to the distraction. So after getting your dog to do a couple of tricks you tell your dog to go and play with the toys (or in my case I tell Zac to go and play with a dog or chase a squirrel). This makes the distraction into a reward.
Of course my friend would like to use play as a reward but her dog should first learn to take and drop on cue. She has already found ideas on how to teach them.
So, my friend can't use play as a reward because Lotta doesn't know how to take and drop on cue yet.
That's why she would like to discuss about this first:
My friend would like to know how to get Lotta to work although there are toys in the room. In case someone suggest it, putting the toys away wouldn't solve the problem because Lotta would still see them. So it would be difficult to start with no toys around. My friend lives in a small appartment with Lotta and her toys are/gets carried to the room where there is room to train her.
For (1) You could try using the "look at that" training technique, I have used it since reading about it in Control Unleashed by Leslie McDevitt. Basically when using "look at that" you reward the dog for calmly looking at the thing he finds distracting...
My friend has heard about LAT. She has read that it can be used also with dogs that gets too excited about things. My friend has seen tutorials on how to teach the dog to work although there are distractions around. However, in many of those tutorials they talk only about how to teach the dog to work although there are people and/or animals around. One would imagine that it would be easier to teach the dog to work although there are toys around instead of people and/or animals.
My friend thought that she would try to explain a little better what she would like to teach to Lotta. She already knows that it probably takes a lot of time to teach this and that there are probably a lot of different kind of stages in this. This is not only about dog training, my friend is going to start doing something that consists of several stages and she would like to know what they are and what is the end result.
My friend is already in the stage 1, since Lotta is naturally the kind of dog that often looks at his/her owner.
In the following tutorial Pamela Johnson says that she started training inside the house but not how
she started training. How should it be started?
When my friend has gotten into the stage 3 in training, how should she continue? How many and what kind of following stages there are before the end behavior?
The end behavior:
There are toys lying around and Lotta is ignoring them. She is doing a trick and is concentrating on what my friend is asking her to do. She is able to work although there are toys around.
It probably takes a lot of time before my friend gets there.